World powers reach deal over Iran nuclear program

11:45 PM, Nov 23, 2013   |    comments
European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, left, and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif attend a news conference at the end of the Iranian nuclear talks in Geneva on Nov. 10, 2013. (Photo: Jason Reed, AFP/Getty Images)
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Six world powers and Iran have reached an interim agreement with Iran on its disputed nuclear program after four days of talks in Geneva.

The spokesman for the European Union's representative Catherine Ashton tweeted "We have a reached agreement between E3+3 and Iran," referring to the United Kingdom, France, Germany, USA, Russia and China.

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U.S. negotiators and their counterparts from the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia and China had been meeting with the Iranians since Wednesday in an effort to strike an interim deal to delay Iran's nuclear program while a larger deal is worked out that would prevent the Islamic republic from obtaining nuclear weapons.

The interim agreement was applauded as a substantial step by some nuclear and national security analysts.

"This first phase agreement ensures that we will continue to negotiate a complete end to Iran's nuclear program and should reassure U.S. allies in the region that Iran cannot make a dash for the bomb," said Joe Cirincione, president of the Ploughshares Fund, a group focused on nuclear non-proliferation.

Dave Solimini, a spokesman for Democratic-leaning Truman Project, a Washington-based national security group, said the interim agreement proves that years of sanctions against Iran have worked.

"These are basic requirements after 30 years of distrust, ensuring that negotiations will not be used to buy time to build a nuclear weapon," Solimni said. " Iran's sincerity in these negotiations must always be subject to proof, which is why ongoing inspections and surveillance of their facilities is even more important now. The secondary sanctions which were switched off can just as easily be switched back on if Iran fails to keep their word."

Earlier Saturday, Britain's Foreign Secretary William Hague spoke of "very difficult negotiations, saying "narrow gaps" remain on the same issues that blocked agreement at the last round earlier this month.

"We're not here because things are necessarily finished," Hague told reporters. "We're here because they're difficult, and they remain difficult."

Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbar Araqchi said they were "close to a deal," but said differences remained Saturday over two to three key issues, according to Reuters.

Secretary of State John Kerry decided to attend the meeting after consulting with Ashton and his negotiating team in Geneva, State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said in a statement Friday.

The current talks, which were in their third round, aimed to take what Kerry had called "a first step" that would delay Iran's progress toward the ability to produce nuclear weapons for six months while a more comprehensive agreement is worked out.

The last round of talks broke down over French concerns about the status of Iran's heavy water power plant under construction in Arak, and over Iran's demand that any agreement recognize the production of nuclear fuel as Iran's sovereign right. The USA does not recognize such a right.

World powers have imposed crippling economic sanctions on Iran to persuade it to suspend production of nuclear fuel in accordance with United Nations Security Council resolutions, and to prove its nuclear program is peaceful in compliance with the Non-Proliferation Treaty, which Iran has signed.

Iran, which seeks to have the sanctions lifted, says its nuclear program has peaceful aims. But the U.N.'s nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency, has reported over the years multiple discoveries of secret Iranian nuclear sites, work on nuclear detonators and implosion devices with assistance from foreign scientists, documents describing safety arrangements for a nuclear test, and plans for a spherical payload for Iranian missile.

The United States, Israel and European countries have said they suspect Iran of developing a nuclear weapons program. President Obama has said the USA will prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon and Israel has threatened to use military force to prevent what it considers an existential threat.

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